Published on February 23, 2024

Apremilast & Narrowband UVB for the Vitiligo Treatment

Khemis and colleagues (2020) noted that scientific rationale and encouraging first clinical results suggested the interest of using apremilast for treating vitiligo.  In a 52-week, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study, these researchers compared the efficacy of apremilast in combination therapy with narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) versus placebo and NB-UVB treatment for re-pigmentation in patients with non-segmental vitiligo.  Group A received, in addition to phototherapy, apremilast at the label dosage, and group B received placebo.  After 24 weeks, patients who responded (decreased Vitiligo Area Scoring Index [VASI] of greater than 30 %) were re-randomized to receive apremilast or placebo, combined with twice-weekly NB-UVB for 24 additional weeks.  The primary outcome measure was the comparison between the 2 groups of the VASI score at 24 weeks.  A total of 80 patients were randomized (40 in each group).  After 24 weeks, the mean VASI score decreased from 23.63 to 19.49 (p = 0.011) in the apremilast + UVB group and from 21.57 to 15.25 (p < 0.0001) in the placebo + UVB group.  The difference between the 2 groups was not statistically significant (p = 0.18).  No statistically significant differences were observed between the 2 groups after an additional 24 weeks of treatment.  The authors concluded that apremilast did not bring any benefit to NB-UVB in the treatment of vitiligo.

References

  • https://www.aetna.com/cpb/medical/data/400_499/0422.html
  • Khemis A, Fontas E, Moulin S, et al. Apremilast in combination with narrowband UVB in the treatment of vitiligo: A 52-week monocentric prospective randomized placebo-controlled study. J Invest Dermatol. 2020;140(8):1533-1537.
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